Hot deserts. Deserts, facts and information 2019-12-14

The Sahara: Earth's Largest Hot Desert

Hot deserts

Syrian Desert Syrian Desert is located in Middle East which covers portions of Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Saudi Arabia and stretched its Area about 520,000 square km. During a sandstorm, the wind-blown sand particles become electrically charged. In Antartic, when the atmosphere getting hot in the season the ice caps melts and most of the Place becomes Desert. Traditional means of overland transport declined with the advent of motor vehicles, shipping and air freight, but still travel along routes between and and between and carrying salt from the interior to desert-edge communities. During the day the sky is usually clear and most of the 's radiation reaches the ground, but as soon as the sun sets, the desert cools quickly by radiating heat into space.

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Top 9 Plants Commonly found in Deserts

Hot deserts

The extra energy could be put towards more large-scale projects including increased agriculture and water desalination. Other desert minerals are from Chile, , and , and and in. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. There may also be underground sources of water in deserts in the form of , , underground rivers or lakes. Image credit: Shutterstock Flora and fauna Despite the harsh, arid conditions of the desert, several plants and animals call the region home. Characteristics Hot deserts are found near the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

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Hot Deserts of the World

Hot deserts

In some areas of sagebrush it reaches 85 percent. These flowers are pollinated by large bees. Classification is the largest hot desert in the world Deserts have been defined and classified in a number of ways, generally combining total precipitation, number of days on which this falls, , and humidity, and sometimes additional factors. Birds and large mammals adapted to desert regions can escape critical dry spells by using specific habitats and engaging in evolved behaviors or utilizing higher elevation lands. This may have happened when caused the death of herd animals, forcing herdsmen to turn to cultivation. Seepages may occur in the walls of and pools may survive in deep shade near the dried up watercourse below. The or living components and the or non-living components of the hot desert rely on one another - a change in one will lead to a change in the other.

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Desert

Hot deserts

At depths of more than 50 cm 20 in , these remain at between 30 to 32 °C 86 to 90 °F regardless of the external temperature. It took many years for plants and animals to adapt to the extreme climate of hot and dry deserts. In many ways, birds are the ablest to do this of the higher animals. Most of them are nocturnal. Another woman explorer was who travelled alone in the Middle East, visiting , , , , and , writing over twenty books on her experiences. The sunlight can be obliterated and it may become as dark as night at ground level.

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Top 9 Plants Commonly found in Deserts

Hot deserts

Their flowers bloom at night and stay from April to June. Coastal deserts are mostly found on the western edges of continental land masses in regions where cold currents approach the land or cold water upwellings rise from the ocean depths. List of Desert Animals Desert Habitat © svedoliver - Fotolia. Yet more than one billion people, one-sixth of the Earth's population, actually live in desert regions. Global Alarm: Dust and Sandstorms from the World's Drylands. This desert also harbours several other plants and animals peculiarly adapted to the arid environment, suggesting that it might have a longer continuous history of arid conditions than most other deserts.

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desert

Hot deserts

The characteristics of hot deserts include high temperatures in summer; greater evaporation than precipitation usually exacerbated by high temperatures, strong winds and lack of cloud cover; considerable variation in the occurrence of precipitation, its intensity and distribution; and low humidity. Wells are dug to extract water from the porous sandstone that lies underneath. Hot and Dry Deserts temperature ranges from 20 to 25° C. There is not much chemically weathered soil in hot deserts, but mainly it is loose, coarse, or gravelly. The is a superb example of a adapted to desert life. While we are not sure how climate change will affect our desert lands, most of these lands have been predicted to get drier over the next few decades. In , for example, the annual precipitation is about 50 mm 2 in on the central plateau and some ten times that amount on some major peninsulas.

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Ten Facts on Hot Deserts

Hot deserts

The surface of the trunk is folded like a , allowing it to expand, and a large specimen can hold eight tons of water after a good downpour. Camels store energy so efficiently that they can go more than a week without water and several months without food. They then rapidly while conditions are favorable before returning to dormancy. Examination of the surface of rocks by beamed from the have shown a surface film that resembles the desert varnish found on Earth although it might just be surface dust. In the , the were engaged with the British regular army in a campaign that spanned the Arabian peninsula. Thar India and Pakistan 77,000 mi 2 200,000 km 2 Majority of desert covered by sand dunes; rest covered by gravel plains acacia, euphorbias, grasses, shrubs black buck, dromedary camel, great Indian bustard, Indian spiny-tailed lizard, jackel, sandgrouse Small villages of ten to twenty houses scattered throughout the Thar.

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Difference Between Hot and Cold Deserts

Hot deserts

While all deserts, including the Sahara, increase in area during the dry season and decrease during the wet season, human-caused climate change in conjunction with natural climate cycles, are causing the Sahara desert to grow more and shrink less. When these are extensive, they are known as sand seas or. The animals in Cold Deserts also have to burrow but in this case to keep warm, not cool. They are the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, Mojave in North America; the Sahara in North Africa; the Kalahari South in Africa; the Great Victoria, Great Sandy, Gibson, Sturt, Simpson in Australia; the Thar Desert in Pakistan and India; the Monte in Argentina; and the Arabian Desert in the Arabian Peninsula. In this case, we will discuss Facts about hot deserts. Round the rims of deserts, where more precipitation occurred and conditions were more suitable, some groups took to cultivating crops.

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Hot Deserts of the World

Hot deserts

Others occur on the eastern side of the , the eastern side of the southern and in southern Australia. Cold Deserts have animals like Antelope, Ground Squirrels, Jack Rabbits, and Kangaroo Rats. Annual summer temps generally range from 69 degrees to 80 degrees and sometimes up to 100. This exposes coarser-grained material, mainly with some larger stones or , leaving a , an area of land overlaid by closely packed smooth stones forming a mosaic. Tribe Desert Occupation Bedouin Arabs Arabia nomadic herdsmen Tuaregs Sahara nomadic herdsmen Gobi Mongols Gobi nomadic herdsmen Bushmen Kalahari primitive hunters and collectors. Many desert reptiles are and often bury themselves in the sand, waiting for prey to come within range.

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Desert climate

Hot deserts

Additionally, many plants have adapted techniques to open stomata only during the night to reduce water loss. Even small fungi and microscopic plant organisms found on the soil surface so-called can be a vital link in preventing erosion and providing support for other living organisms. But these flowers are extremely poisonous. Nevertheless, there is some plant life in the Atacama, in the form of specialist plants that obtain moisture from dew and the that blow in from the Pacific. The average precipitation in the Chilean region of is just 1 mm 0.

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